By Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
A most desirable mound website deals a wealth of basic information on mortuary practices within the Mississippian Period.the most important prehistoric mound website in Georgia is found in modern day Macon and is named Ocmulgee. It was once first recorded in August 1739 by way of basic James Oglethorpe’s rangers in the course of an excursion to the territory of the decrease Creeks. The botanist William Bartram wrote commonly of the ecology of the world in the course of his stopover at in 1773, however the 1873 quantity via Charles C. Jones, Antiquities of the Southern Indians, quite of the Georgia Tribes, was once the 1st to regard the archaeological value of the site.
Professional excavations all started at Ocmulgee in 1933 below the auspices of the Smithsonian establishment, utilizing Civil Works management exertions. Investigations persevered below various sponsorships till December 1936, while the locality was once officially named a countrywide monument. Excavation of the mounds, village websites, earth resort, and funeral mound published an career of the Macon Plateau spanning greater than 7,000 years. The funeral mound used to be came across to comprise log tombs, bundles of disarticulated bones, flexed burials, and cremations. Grave items incorporated uniquely patterned copper solar disks that have been discovered at just one different website within the Southeast—the Bessemer web site in Alabama—so the 2 ceremonial facilities have been validated as contemporaries.
In this vintage paintings of archaeological learn and research, Charles Fairbanks has not just provided a whole therapy of the cultural improvement and lifeways of the developers of Ocmulgee yet has additionally similar them successfully to different identified cultures of the prehistoric Southeast.
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Extra resources for Archeology of the funeral mound, Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia
The top platform is r60 feet northeast-southwest and 165 feet northwest-southeast. On the northern face a faint indication of the three ramps described by Jones can be seen but they are much less distinct now than in 1873. The Lesser Temple Mound 130 feet to the northeast is now only a triangular remnant about 100 feet on each side. It rises about 10 feet to a flat top about 75 feet on each side. Most of the mound was cut away by the Macon, Dublin & Savannah Railroad in 1843 but considerable slumping has taken place since.
THE MOUND STAGES AND ASSOCIATED REMAINS The Submound Area The subsoil under Mound C was a dark brown sandy loam, the upper 5 to 8 centimeters of which were a black stained humus. This evidently had been a village area as indicated by pits, post holes and some few scattered sherds. The fact that post holes are mentioned suggests some sort of pre mound structures. The fact that no horizontal record of them exists makes any speculation useless. The notes suggest that there were more post holes to the east than under the center of the mound.
The Etowah period of northern Georgia and the Kolomoki period of southwest Georgia both combine Mississippian elements with traits of the old Southeastern stamping tradition. They both fall just after the general time bracket of Macon Plateau with stylistic grounds as the basis for believing them somewhat later. The Etowah period is derived from the Woodstock with Mississippian elements added; the Kolomoki stems from Swift Creek II plus similar Mississippian elements. ) (see table I). Of course, in many instances there is evidence that the Etowah, Kolomoki, and Savannah complexes had traditions extending back into the previous period.
Archeology of the funeral mound, Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia by Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams