By Paul Gootenberg
Illuminating a hidden and interesting bankruptcy within the historical past of globalization, Paul Gootenberg chronicles the increase of 1 of the main impressive and now unlawful Latin American exports: cocaine. Gootenberg lines cocaine's historical past from its origins as a clinical commodity within the 19th century to its repression through the early 20th century and its dramatic reemergence as a bootleg sturdy after global conflict II. Connecting the tale of the drug's ameliorations is a bunch of individuals, items, and techniques: Sigmund Freud, Coca-Cola, and Pablo Escobar all make appearances, exemplifying the worldwide affects that experience formed the background of cocaine. yet Gootenberg decenters the established tale to discover the jobs performed by means of hitherto vague yet very important Andean actors as well—for instance, the Peruvian pharmacist who built the options for refining cocaine on an business scale and the creators of the unique drug-smuggling networks that a long time later will be taken over by way of Colombian traffickers. Andean Cocaine proves critical to knowing the most vexing social dilemmas of the past due twentieth-century Americas: the yank cocaine epidemic of the Nineteen Eighties and, in its wake, the possible unending U.S. drug warfare within the Andes.
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Additional info for Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global Drug
Some six hundred to eight hundred tons of cocaine are successfully smuggled annually to the drug’s fifteen million or more eager aficionados of all classes and colors, primarily in the United States, Brazil, and western and eastern Europe. Since the late 1970s, layers of this business have become enveloped in notorious violence, reflecting the huge monetary stakes raised by global drug prohibition. The notion of controlling “cartels,” however, is a misleading way of thinking about what now is a hypercompetitive and atomized enterprise.
These documents offer problems of timing as well: police reports usually lag, probably by a few years, behind the emergence of illicit activities and spheres. 13 Indeed, one could consider a reflexive or critical ethnography of the “drug archive” per se —how, for example, the fbn got its piecemeal information and (mis)interpreted it over the decades. So, while attempting to portray accurately early narcotraficantes and their trades, this book cannot tell a rounded story of their (under) world on their own cultural or personal terms, whatever those were.
The majority of cocaine’s initial researchers were Germans, who dominated the rising fields of chemistry, biochemistry, pharmacology, and psychopharmacology: they included Schroff, Fronmüller, von Anrep, and Aschenbrandt, as well as assorted Frenchmen, Russians, Britons, and, as we will see, Peruvians. In their laboratory, animal, human, and self-experimentation on cocaine, all of them failed to recognize its noted “numbing” effect as an antidote to pain — a topic with another long genealogy in Western medicine.
Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global Drug by Paul Gootenberg