By David Samuels
This publication explores the translation of politicians' occupation objectives. participants search to win repeated reelection, within the U.S. residence of Representatives and political scientists have assumed that reelection motivates politicians all over. even though, politicians in Brazil see the nationwide legislature as a stepping-stone to "higher" workplace, in nation and/or neighborhood executive. Making the appropriate assumption approximately politicians' profession ambitions ends up in a greater knowing of the political tactics. This ebook improves on prior "rational selection" analyses by way of getting to know political profession pursuits and exploring real-world implications.
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Extra resources for Ambition, Federalism, and Legislative Politics in Brazil
The mayors in the “punished” municipalities would then turn to a different deputy, one presumably on better terms with the governor. Few checks and balances exist at the state level to contain governors’ political machinations. State legislatures make little effort to oversee stategovernment spending (Azevedo and Reis 1994). Instead, state deputies scramble to enter the governor’s party coalition, knowing that if they fail to do so, they will be cut off from the resources they need to advance their careers (Abrucio 1998).
For example, the relative probabilities of reaching each ofﬁce depends on the number of candidates, the number of ofﬁces at stake, as well as individual attributes of each candidate. I describe these factors in the following text. The concept of an “opportunity structure” is simple, useful, and sufﬁciently broad for comparative research. S. House of Representatives. , see Smith 1979 on Mexico and Carey 1996 on Costa Rica), or on national-level legislative careers that are highly inﬂuenced by national-party 14 Rohde (1979) argues that whether politicians are risk averse or risk taking also affects the opportunity structure, but for simplicity’s sake I do not discuss this issue.
46 This logic supposes that individual politicians, and not party leaders, make the decisions about whether to run for reelection or not. A party-centric nomination dynamic might change this. Chapter 2 In the Absence of Congressional Careerism: Short Stints, Flat Hierarchies, and Low Payoffs in the Chamber of Deputies introduction In Chapter 1 I hypothesized that Brazilian politicians do not seek to build careers in the Chamber of Deputies. Instead, they view a Chamber seat as a potential stepping-stone to a more powerful ofﬁce, typically at the executive level in state and/or municipal administration.
Ambition, Federalism, and Legislative Politics in Brazil by David Samuels