Download PDF by Simon Collier: A History of Chile, 1808-2002

By Simon Collier

ISBN-10: 0511231601

ISBN-13: 9780511231605

ISBN-10: 0521534844

ISBN-13: 9780521534840

ISBN-10: 0521827493

ISBN-13: 9780521827492

Supplying an summary of Chilean historical past for the final reader in addition to the professional, this article employs basic and secondary fabrics to investigate the nation's political, financial, and social evolution from independence to 2002. not like different works, the amount examines extensive the latest occasions of Chile's background: the diversification of its economic system, unfold of democratic associations, development of public health and wellbeing, and emergence of a wealthy highbrow tradition. First version Hb (1996): 0-521-56075-6 First version Pb (1996): 0-521-56827-7

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Despite the official prohibition of foreigners in the Spanish empire (with the exception of Catholic Irishmen, a number of whom were to be found in late-colonial Chile as army officers and traders), a few succeeded in putting down roots in the colony. Several Portuguese, a few Chapter01 CY399/Collier 0 521 82749 3 November 7, 2003 20:23 Char Count= 0 Colonial foundations, 1540–1810 19 French, and one or two Italian families clearly formed part of the upper class by the end of the eighteenth century, by which time we can make out rather more than 300 families constituting the colonial elite.

In the tumultuous early decades, the conquistadors and their followers stood out as the dominant group by virtue of their European origin and the power they commanded. Social distinctions within the conquering group were probably blurred and unclear. Later on, as the great estates were consolidated, the dividing line between a dominant land-owning class and everybody else became much thicker. A typical upper-class Chilean by the midseventeenth century held an encomienda and owned an estancia and a chacra.

The Church was active in education, such as it was, and ran the colony’s six hospitals. It was not, however, an important landowner. The one religious order that had ever owned land on any scale was conspicuous by its absence in 1800. As elsewhere in the Spanish empire, the Society of Jesus (present in Chile from 1593) had earlier built itself up as the most powerful order of all. The Jesuits had owned and worked over fifty estates, the only pharmacies in Chile, workshops turning out glassware, pottery and textiles, and even a small shipyard at the mouth of the Maule River.

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A History of Chile, 1808-2002 by Simon Collier


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