By Paul A. Lombardo
In 1907, Indiana handed the world's first involuntary sterilization legislation in line with the idea of eugenics. In time, greater than 30 states and a dozen international nations go well with. even though the Indiana statute used to be later declared unconstitutional, different legislation proscribing immigration and regulating marriage on "eugenic" grounds have been nonetheless in impression within the U.S. as overdue because the Seventies. A Century of Eugenics in the United States assesses the historical past of eugenics within the usa and its prestige within the age of the Human Genome undertaking. The essays discover the early help of obligatory sterilization via medical professionals and legislators; the implementation of eugenic schemes in Indiana, Georgia, California, Minnesota, North Carolina, and Alabama; the criminal and social demanding situations to sterilization; and the customers for a eugenics move basing its claims on smooth genetic technological know-how.
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Extra resources for A Century of Eugenics in America: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Era (Bioethics and the Humanities)
Boies accepted the view that criminals and the poor represented instances of hereditary degeneracy. â•‡ David Wolfers and Helen Wolfers, Vasectomy and Vasectomania (St. Albans, UK: Mayflower Books, 1974). This polemical book gives a good overview of the procedure’s development in Europe and then in the United States. The authors err in depicting Dr. Sharp as a somewhat demented and idiosyncratic physician. â•‡ The surgical procedures for women were salpingectomy and salpingotomy, involving partial excision or removal of the fallopian tubes and subsequent ligation.
Holmes found willing sponsors for this less expansive legislation; the Senate passed the bill “with little objection,” 35 to 10. The House followed the Senate’s lead, passing the bill by a margin of 78 to 8. 34 The restoration of sterilization in Indiana coincided with a larger national push for new laws that followed Buck v. Bell, one of the most infamous United States Supreme Court decisions. , placed sterilization of the feebleminded squarely under the police power of the government’s public health mandate.
Sharp even wrote an instructional pamphlet on vasectomy that he distributed around the country as he gave public talks on the need for sterilization. Sharp’s expert opinion was sought for testimony in legal cases about sterilization. ”22 The eugenics cadre worked hard to safeguard their pet reform. To deflect attention from Sharp’s early extralegal surgeries, W. H. Whittaker promised Governor Hanley that only inmates sentenced to Jeffersonville after the law’s passage would be candidates for sterilization.
A Century of Eugenics in America: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Era (Bioethics and the Humanities) by Paul A. Lombardo